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Abdominal Bloating And What It Could Mean
Dec 2017
Dr Jyothsna Krishnappa
Senior Consultant, Internal Medicine Apollo Hospitals, Bangalore

Abdominal bloating, commonly referred to as gas, is a symptom which one may experience occasionally and which may cause significant uneasiness and discomfort. It is commonly related to the amount of air ingested along with food intake, which is normally expelled with stools as gas or wind.

Another reason for increased abdominal bloating or flatulence is due to bacterial overgrowth in the intestines which can cause excessive production of gas by these organisms. This usually happens following intestinal infections by these organisms.

Symptoms You Need To Watch Out For
If the abdominal bloating is associated with other symptoms including chronic poor oral intake, prolonged anorexia, nausea and vomiting, abdomen pain, altered bowel movements like prolonged diarrhoea or constipation, passage of blood in stools and fever or weight loss, it is usually indicative of an underlying disorder which needs to be evaluated in detail.

Besides, excessive burping, belching and heartburn are likely to be part of acid peptic disease with associated gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. This is naturally related to either medications or eating habits causing oesophageal and other anatomical abnormalities like a lax lower oesophageal sphincter.