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All About Paediatric Eye Disease
Jan 2019
Dr.Eesha Ramawat
Max Vision Superspeciality Eye Hospital

Children are a gift from God and the future of the nation. As parents or elders it is our duty to help them grow with good eyesight and health. Simple signs of struggle for them to read or move around could be a sign of poor vision. But if there is proper guidance on reading, writing and eye hygiene from a young age, every child will grow with healthy vision.

It is estimated that eight per cent of the paediatric population in India (0-15 years) suffer from childhood blindness, out of which, 50 per cent is preventable or treatable.

Childhood blindness is far more gruesome than adulthood blindness as it hinders the child’s physical, intellectual and behavioural development which ultimately shapes the future of the child. Hence, early diagnosis is highly essential.

The most common eye diseases that can affect a child’s vision are Refractive Errors, Amblyopia and Strabismus. Other rarer causes are Congenital Cataracts, Congenital Glaucoma, Lid abnormalities (such as Ptosis), developmental abnormalities (such as microphthalmus, Retinopathy of Prematurity) and various Retinal Disorders. The most common causes are discussed here along with the subtle signs that parents, teachers and care givers should notice.