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Causes Symptoms And Treatment Of Peripheral Artery Disease
Dec 2018
Dr Pradeep Mulley
Head Interventional Radiologist, Fortis Hospital

PAD (Peripheral artery disease) is one of the most common circulatory problems that restrict blood flow to the limbs, due to narrowing of the arteries. People with such conditions find it hard to walk or have persistent leg pain with certain distance covered, known as claudication. This condition is more likely to be an accumulation of fat deposit in the arteries that reduces the blood flow to the complete body. Due to hardening of the arteries, normal blood flow is restricted, causing severe pain.

Causes Of PAD
It is highly unfortunate that the lack of awareness among people about the disease has attributed to the mortality rate. Most people ignore the early symptoms, thinking it to be an ageing symptom. More than 10 per cent of the Indian population aged 50 or above have this condition and almost all of them experience leg pain and numbness of which 50 per cent of them ignore these signs to be a part of ageing and therefore, don’t seek medical treatment. The following risk factors play an important role in the development of the condition:

  • Age – Most patients above the age of 50 years often ignore the symptoms but are more vulnerable to the disease
  • Diabetes History – History of diabetes in the family has a greater risk factor for claudication
  • Smokers – Tobacco usage and smoking is linked to hardening of the arteries and hence smokers are at a greater risk of developing PAD