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May 2019


Contraception: An Overview Contraception refers to the prevention of unwanted pregnancies and can be managed with or without medical assistance. The process prevents the sperm from fertilising the egg.

• Different types of contraceptives include:

• Oral pill

• Vaginal copper-t

• Hormonal vaginal ring that can be inserted into the vagina

• Condoms

Family planning is something that everyone opines
differently. It is not just an individual choice, but a global concern too. In some communities, there are even strict restrictions on it. Nonetheless, acknowledging and respecting different cultural values, we must ensure that every woman has the liberty and access to safe and effective contraception.
So, before we go into the details of what contraception clinically is, the first thing that needs to be clear is why does anyone choose or need contraception?

Here’s Why

It need not always be a personal choice. There can be medical reasons apart from not wanting to conceive.
However, the primary objectives of using contraception are:
• The gap between two children • Unwanted pregnancy
• To prevent sexually transmitted infections
• To avoid the risk of abortion due to an unplanned pregnancy
• If the woman/mother to be is too young
• Some people don’t choose to have biological children
So, based on the listed reasons for contraception, which are practically and medically accepted, we shall move on to understanding contraception.

How promising are they in preventing pregnancy?

Using contraceptives the right way adhering to the instructions given determines how effective it is. However, not every time are contraceptives 100% reliable. They may also have side effects especially if you overuse them or don’t follow your doctor’s instructions.

Here’s when it can have side effects.

If a person might:

• Be mistaken or confused over when to start the pill. It could go wrong.

• Make mistakes while using a condom.

Forget the requirements or delay instructions for using the method.

• Menstrual bleeding with contraception

• Some methods don’t affect your regular menstrual cycle.

• Most oral or vaginal contraceptive methods which contain hormones may affect the menstrual cycle.

• The bleeding which occurs due to hormones is a false period.

• Bleeding may not be under control of your natural hormones.

• Bleeding while on hormones for contraception is called a withdrawal bleed if it happens regularly.

• Irregular bleeding while taking hormones is called breakthrough bleeding.

Contraception has its own pros and cons based on an individual’s requirement, choices and wishes.

Although culture and traditions do matter to some, their priorities might not allow them to have a pregnancy.

Contraception is used as a safety measure to avoid fetal mishaps that could be life-threatening for women in some cases. So, before you suggest contraception to someone, or try it yourself; trust your gynecologist and take the right advice.