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Dealing With Pre eclampsia
Nov 2017
Dr Vimee Bindra
Consultant Gynaecologist, Laproscopic Surgeon & Infertility Specialist, Apollo Health City, Hyderaba

Pre-eclampsia (PE) which is a pregnancy induced condition observed in the second or third trimester, is characterized by high blood pressure, water retention and protein in the urine. It causes the narrowing of blood vessels and restricted blood supply to the liver, kidneys and other organs, reducing placental perfusion and thus affecting the baby.

This condition is life-threatening and the only known treatment is the delivery of the foetus. It is also dangerous for the foetus, as well as the mother and can cause serious complications in both.

Risk Factors

  • Age (Pre-eclampsia is more common in very young women and also in women older than 40 years)
  • Obesity
  • Primigravida - pre-eclampsia is more common in a first pregnancy
  • History of pre-eclampsia
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Certain conditions such as lupus, diabetes, chronic high blood pressure increase the risk of pre-eclampsia
  • An early screening of the condition and the use of Ecospirin prevents pre-eclampsia and it has been proved by the double-blind randomized controlled trial, ASPRE.