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Dental Care Tips For Diabetics
Dec 2018
Dr Shweta Hinduja
Dental Surgeon, Mumbai

There has been a high prevalence of association between gingival diseases and diabetes, which is a two way street! Diabetes causes increased susceptibility to gum diseases at one end and gum diseases which has a potential control over blood glucose, further contributes to the progression of diabetes at the other end.

A high glycemic index means increased blood sugar and diabetics have increased blood sugar. The gingival tissue is highly vascular and an increased amount of blood sugar level further increases plaque retention, which later hardens to form tartar. Since diabetics have low immunity and a decreased ability to fight the bacteria that causes such an invasion, they are more susceptible to bacterial infections which lead to gingival diseases.

Checklist For Gingival Infections

  • Red swollen gums that bleed easily
  • Gums pulling away from the teeth
  • Pus between teeth when gums are pressed
  • Constant bad breath and bad taste in mouth
  • Teeth that seem to have moved or look different with regard to how they fit together

Oral Thrush
Another problem diabetics tend to get affected by is oral thrush, which is basically a fungal infection caused by yeast - Candida albicans. It appears as red and white patches on the tongue and at the sides of the cheeks, causes pain and a burning sensation.
Good oral hygiene can prevent oral thrush and if it occurs repeatedly, it may be treated with certain medications prescribed by your dentist.