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Physiotherapy To Manage Developmental Delay
Jan 2019
Dr E Mamatha
Physiotherapist, Apollo Life

The majority of the developmental processes takes place within the first few years of life. However, Developmental Delay (DD) is one of the most common paediatric problems. When a child is affected with DD, there is a significant delay in reaching the milestones that are expected according to the child’s age when compared to same age peers or siblings.

These milestones could be rolling, crawling, sitting, standing, talking, or developmental differences in socialization, play, emotion regulation or self-care activities such as toileting and feeding. According to a report by WHO, the prevalence of DD is 13 per cent in India and males are affected more than females due to one X-linked Mamathachromosome. Due to DD a child will experience one of the following:

  • Cognitive/behavioural delay
  • Social/emotional delay
  • Speech/language delay
  • Fine/gross motor delay
  • Visual and hearing delay

Causes

  • Genetic factors
  • Infections during pregnancy or at the time of birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Premature infants
  • Symptom of diseases like ASD, Down’s syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, etc.

Risk Factors

  • Prenatal-malnutrition, maternal illness, exposure to toxins
  • Perinatal-prematurity, asphyxia, forceps/breech delivery
  • Biological-vitamin deficiencies, exposure to lead or arsenic
  • Psychological-parenting, cognitive stimulation
Physiotherapy To Manage Developmental Delay
Jan 2019
Dr E Mamatha
Physiotherapist, Apollo Life

The majority of the developmental processes takes place within the first few years of life. However, Developmental Delay (DD) is one of the most common paediatric problems. When a child is affected with DD, there is a significant delay in reaching the milestones that are expected according to the child’s age when compared to same age peers or siblings.

These milestones could be rolling, crawling, sitting, standing, talking, or developmental differences in socialization, play, emotion regulation or self-care activities such as toileting and feeding. According to a report by WHO, the prevalence of DD is 13 per cent in India and males are affected more than females due to one X-linked Mamathachromosome. Due to DD a child will experience one of the following:
** Cognitive/behavioural delay
** Social/emotional delay
** Speech/language delay
** Fine/gross motor delay
** Visual and hearing delay

Causes
** Genetic factors
** Infections during pregnancy or at the time of birth
** Low birth weight
** Premature infants
** Symptom of diseases like ASD, Down’s syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, etc.