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Premenstrual Syndrome
May 2014
Dr Poonam Rastogi
Senior Consultant Gynaecologist, Ludhiana

PMS or Premenstrual Syndrome is a collection of physical, psychological and emotional symptoms related to a woman’s menstrual cycle. These symptoms are usually predictable and occur regularly during ten days before menses. The symptoms may vanish within three to four days after the start of the menstrual flow. Surprisingly, not all women may be affected by PMS but the physical and emotional symptoms that tag along with PMS are common to all.

Symptoms can usually be treated with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medicines. If these are not effective, a medical evaluation is always beneficial.

Common Symptoms

  • Physical symptoms include:
  • Bloating and weight gain
  • Breast tenderness (pain on pressure)
  • Headache
  • Appetite changes (food cravings)
  • Headache and fatigue
  • Swelling of hands and feet
  • Diarrhoea
  • Abdominal pain