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Tackling Male Infertility
Jan 2017
Dr Nandita Palshetkar
Gynaecologist And Infertility Specialist

Men Should Get Tested Too
A majority of people, especially in India, still consider fertility to be a ‘woman’s problem,’ whereas a huge number of infertility cases actually involve problems with the male partner.

This problem could be anything from a low sperm count, to low motility of sperms, abnormal sperms and sometimes a hormonal problem, genital infections or ejaculatory dysfunction. Hence, men too should get tested for fertility.

Diagnosis
In present times, it has become easier to diagnose the causes of male infertility. For instance, a DNA fragmentation test assesses sperm and finds out if there is any DNA damage.

Also, a diagnostic test called the Sperm Aneuploidy Test (SAT) is applied to study the genetic background or cause of male infertility. This pinpoints chromosomal abnormalities in a sperm sample.
Additionally, at times like in the case of a varicocele, whereby the veins become enlarged inside the scrotum, surgical therapy can help.

Likewise, a semen analysis can easily be done to check the quality and quantity of the sperm in the semen sample. The analysis and sonography can detect issues such as azoospermia (zero sperm count), oligospermia (few sperm are produced) and problems with sperm motility, when the sperms aren’t moving normally.